The Amazon is unique! The world’s largest rainforest and river system spans 8 countries and one overseas territory, and contains one-tenth of the world’s species. Over 2,000 new species of plants and vertebrates have been described since 1999. And yet, in all its vastness and complexity, the Amazon is essentially a single ecological unit. The priority in the Amazon is to ensure the maintenance of healthy forests and connected freshwater ecosystems, along with enhanced climate resilience.